Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh or simply RSS is a Hindu organization, and a right-wing Hindu nationalist organization. The organization is widely regarded as the parent organization of Bharatiya Janata Party. It was founded on September 27, 1925 and claimed by the world’s largest non-profit organization to serve India. It was founded by Keshav Baliram Hedgewar.
Involvement with riots
Many international level human rights and agencies have claimed involvement of RSS in communal riots. Vishwa Hindu Parishad (VHP), Bajrang Dal (BD), and other RSS affiliated organization were involved, based on Human Rights Watch report, and other investigations. However, RSS claimed that they have made appeals during communal riots to put an end the violence.
Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh or simply RSS have many affiliated organizations who are involved in many activities from politics to Hindu nationalism. A few of them are given below.
- Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)
- Akhil Bharatiya Vidyarthi Parishad (ABVP)
- Swadeshi Jagaran Manch
- Vidya Bharati
- Bajrang Dal
- Saraswati Shishu Mandir
- Hindu Swayamsevak Sangh – Overseas Wing
- Shiksha Bharati
- Vishwa Hindu Parishad
- Seva Bharti
- Bharatiya Mazdoor Sangh
- Bharatiya Kisan Sangh
Social Service, Reform, and Activities
RSS claimed that they are active in social service and reforms. They also claimed they were involved in relief works of Gujarat Earthquake 2001, Indian Ocean Earthquake 2004, Kargil War 1999, and a few other natural calamities and war time.
Notable and Popular Swayamsevaks aka RSS Members
- Nitin Gadkari
- Eknath Ranade
- Atal Bihari Vajpayee
- Narendra Modi
- Murli Manohar Joshi
- Manohar Parrikar
Presence in India
RSS has good presence in Western India and a few other states especially in Gujarat, Maharashtra, Delhi, Goa, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, and other states. They have thousands of branches (Shakhas) all over India and millions of members.
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Article last re-published on May 15, 2020. Original.